Carbon Steel Welded pipe and Tube
What is Carbon Steel?
Carbon steel is a metal alloy which is made of iron and carbon. The carbon percentage can vary depending on the grade that is between 0.2% to 2.1% of the grade. Carbon steel is dull with a matte finished and it can be compared with a cast iron pot or wrought iron fencing. There is no chromium oxide layer. It is often preferred in manufacturing, production and projects.
Types of Carbon Steel
1) Low Carbon Steel – Composition of 0.05% to 0.25% carbon. It is also known at mild steel. It is a low cost material. This steel is soft and can be easily formed. It is the affordability, machinability and weldability that makes a good choice for consumers.
2) Medium Carbon Steel– Composition of 0.29% to 0.54% carbon. It is ductile and strong with long wearing properties.
3) High Carbon Steel– Composition of 0.55% to 0.95% carbon. It is very strong and hard which gives a proper shape. It is basically used for cutting tools, springs and wires.
4) Very High Carbon Steel– Composition of 0.96% to 2.1% carbon. It is an extremely strong material. As this is delicate it requires a special handling.
How to Identify Carbon Steel?
We can identify carbon steel by its duller finish similar to matte finish, which can be seen on iron pot with extremely high concentration of carbon.
Advantages of Carbon Steel
1) It is very easy to work. Carbon steel pipe doesn’t need any pesticides or any preservatives. It is inflammable and invulnerable to pest and rotting.
2) Low carbon steel is most common and cost effective.
3) Medium carbon steel balances flexibility and strength with good wear resistance.
4) High carbon steel is exceptionally strong.
5) Very high carbon steel has great hardness.
Disadvantages of Carbon Steel
This steel is very hard. So if the steel is hard it can be bend less. If the steel is carefully heate , we can twist and turn very easily but if its more heated we cannot hold the edges.